The CPI inflation rate finally pulled back from a 40-year peak in July, as the consumer price index came in cooler than expected. Core inflation, which strips out food and energy prices, also downshifted, lowering odds of a big Federal Reserve rate hike in September. Following the CPI report, the Dow Jones industrial average moved sharply higher.
The CPI inflation rate eased to 8.5%, retreating from June’s 9.1% inflation rate amid falling gas prices, retail discounting, the return of online deflation and a plunge in shipping costs. Consumer demand has downshifted while Covid supply-chain snags are being ironed out. Economists expect another tame inflation reading for August ahead of the Fed’s pivotal Sept. 20-21 meetings.
The CPI was flat from the previous month, coming after June’s 1.3% jump. The core CPI rose 0.3% from June, a big step down from June’s 0.7% increase. The annual core inflation rate held at 5.9%. March’s 6.5% core inflation rate was the highest since August 1982.
Wall Street economists expected the consumer price index to rise 0.2% in July, as the annual inflation rate eased to 8.7%. The core CPI was seen rising 0.5% on the month. The core inflation rate was expected to tick higher to 6.1% from 5.9%.
Goods Vs. Services Inflation
Inflation in goods prices, excluding food and energy, has decelerated from double-digit increases earlier in the year. Core goods prices rose 0.2% on the month, bringing the annual inflation rate down to 7% from 7.2% in June from 8.5% in May.
Inflation in nonenergy services prices, which affects 57% of consumer budgets, has yet to subside, rising 0.4% on the month and 5.5% from a year ago. That matched June’s 30-year high.
Nonenergy services inflation, which includes big categories such as rent and medical services, remained at a peak despite a 0.5% monthly decline in transportation prices as airfares fell 7.8%. Meanwhile, education and communications services prices slipped 0.1%.
“Core goods inflation should also subside in the coming months given the overwhelming evidence of easing supply chain pressures,” Jefferies chief financial economist Aneta Markowska wrote in a Friday note. But she expects core services inflation to “remain sticky, supported by the tightness in housing and labor markets.”
Dow Jones Treasury Yields Reaction To CPI Inflation Rate
Dow Jones futures rose 1.3% in early Wednesday stock market action. S&P 500 futures added 1.65% and Nasdaq 100 futures 2.3%.
The Dow Jones rally lost some steam after Friday’s strong jobs report. Financial markets began pricing in one more quarter-point rate hike to a range of 3.5%-3.75% by early next year. However, rate hike odds tumbled in the wake of the CPI report. Markets now see about 40% odds of a 75-basis-point hike in September, according to CME Group’s FedWatch.
The 10-year Treasury yield slid 5 basis points to 2.75%.
As of Tuesday’s close, the Dow was down 10.9% from its all-time closing high on Jan. 4, but had rallied 9.7% from its mid-June closing low. The S&P 500 has fallen 14.1% from its peak close, having climbed 12.4% from its June 16 closing low. The Nasdaq has tumbled 22.2%, cutting its losses by 17.4% since mid-June.
Be sure to read IBD’s The Big Picture column after each trading day to get the latest on the prevailing stock market trend and what it means for your trading decisions.
CPI Inflation Report Details
Prices for used cars and trucks fell 0.4% on the month, and rose 6.6% from a year ago. Used car inflation has come down sharply from a peak 35.3% annual gain in March.
Demand for used cars got a boost amid the global chip shortage that snagged production for new cars. Prices for new vehicles increased 0.6% on the month, while rising 10.4% from a year ago. April’s 13.2% annual rise was the biggest annual increase since 1949.
Energy prices fell 4.6% on the month and increased 32.9% from a year ago. The average national gasoline price has come down $1 per gallon, or 20%, since mid-June, according to AAA.
Prices for food away from home rose 0.7% in July vs. June, while rising 7.6% from a year ago. Prices for food consumed at home climbed 1.3% last month and 13.1% from a year ago.
Prices for medical services rose 0.4% on the month, bringing the year-over-year increase to 5.1%.
Meanwhile, shelter prices rose 0.5% in July, as owners’ equivalent rent rose 0.6%.
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